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Shoulder Exercises

By Kelly Maclean



For Wushu, both shoulder strength and flexibility are required. Increasing these attributes can help give you more control in your forms and weapons.

Strength
This is a series of three exercises I learned from Master Nick Gracenin, a well-known teacher, athlete, and promoterof Chinese martial arts in PennShou-Yu Liangvania. Try fifty repetitions for each exercise, without resting in between. As far as the speed is concerned, approximately one repetition per second is about right.

Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 1 start position - front view Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 1 start position - side view

Exercise 1
Start by standing with the feet at a comfortable distance apart. Hold the arms 180 degrees out to the sides, atshoulder level, with the elbows straight, and the fingers straight, together, and pointing upward. Keep the chest open.


Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 1 arms turned - front view Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 1 arms turned - side view

Rotate the shoulders 90 degrees forward, so that the fingers point forward. Keep the shoulders down, elbows straight, hands tight, and chest open.

Return to the start position. Be sure not to over-rotate; fingers should not point backward. Try 50 repetitions, and without resting, go on to the second exercise.


Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 2 arms pulled back - front view Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 2 arms pulled back - side view

Exercise 2
Remaining in your stance, begin with your fingers pointing forward. Keep the arms 180 degrees out to the sides,at shoulder level, with the elbows straight and the chest open. With the fingers pointing forward, pull your arms back as far as possible, keeping the elbows straight, shoulders down, and hands tight. Do not arch your back.

Return your arms to 180 degrees apart. Repeat fifty times, and without resting, go on to the third part.


Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 3 elbows turned - front view Kelly Maclean - Shoulder Training Excercise 3 elbows turned - side view

Exercise 3
Remain in your stance and begin again with your fingers pointing forward. Bend the elbows slightly and pullthemback, sothat the chest stays open. Lift the elbows as high as you can, without lifting the shoulders themselves.

Return the elbows to level with the shoulders. Resist dropping the elbows below the shoulders. Try to do fifty.After this final exercise, you will probably be ready for a stretch!

Flexibility
Here are some basic stretches to help keep the shoulders limber. All you need is a wall. Try holding each stretch for 30 seconds to a minute.


Kelly Maclean - Front shoulder stretch Kelly Maclean - Front shoulder stretch extended

Stretch 1
Start with your palms against the wall at approximately shoulder height and less than shoulder width apart. Leanforward,keeping the arms and legs straight, until your arms are behind your ears. You should feel the stretch in the shoulders. See if you can touch your head to the wall. Avoid arching the back.


Kelly Maclean - Back shoulder stretch Kelly Maclean - Back shoulder stretch extended

Stretch 2
Next, turn away from the wall, and get your palms against the wall, as close together as possible, with the fingers pointing upward, thumbs on the outside. Bend your knees, and lower your body. Keep the elbows straight, and hands as high and as close together as possible.


Kelly Maclean - Side shoulder stretch Kelly Maclean - Back shoulder stretch extended

Stretch 3
Standing with one palm against the wall, the arm straight and up at shoulder height. Turn your body away from your arm.Of course, stretch both sides.